Symbols in HTML

HTML provides the most common symbols and it’s called “character entities”. You need to add entity characters directly into an HTML page and the content of your HTML page is correctly set.

Here are the list of HTML symbols, you can use in your HTML page.

Math Symbols

Symbol Entity Number Entity Name TeX Description
∑ ∑ \sum n-ary summation
∏ ∏ \prod n-ary product
∋ ∋ \in contains as member
∉ ∉ \not\in not an element of
∈ ∈ \in element of
∇ ∑ \nabla nabla
∅ ∅ \emptyset empty sets
∃ ∃ \exists there exists
∂ ∂ \partial partial differential
∀ ∀ \forall for all
∞ ∞ \infty infinity
∩ ∩ \cap intersection
∪ ∪ \cup union
∫ ∫ \int integral
∴ ∴ \therefore therefore
∵ ∵ \because because
Π Π Π \Pi greek capital letter pi
⊂ ⊂ \subset subset of
⊃ ⊃ \supset superset of
⊄ ⊄ \int not a subset of
− − minus sign
√ √ square root
∝ ∝ \propto proportional to
∠ ∠ \angle angle
∧ ∧ logical and
∨ ∨ logical or
∼ ∼ \sim tilde operator
≅ ≅ \cong approximately equal to
≈ ≈ \approx almost equal to
≠ ≠ \neq not equal to
≡ ≡ \equiv identical to
≤ ≤ \leq less-than or equal to
≥ ≥ \leq greater-than or equal to

Arrows

Entity Number Entity Name Symbol Description
← ← leftward arrow
↑ ↑ upward arrow
→ → rightward arrow
↓ ↓ downward arrow
↔ ↔ left right arrow
⇐ ⇐ leftward double arrow
⇑ ⇑ upward double arrow
⇒ ⇒ rightward double arrow
⇓ ⇓ downward double arrow
⇔ ⇔ left right double arrow

Punctuation

Entity Number Entity Name Symbol Description
– – en dash
— — em dash
‘ ‘ left single quotation mark
’ ’ right single quotation mark, right single inverted comma, apostrophe
‚ ‚ single low-9 quotation mark
“ “ left double quotation mark
” ” right double quotation mark
„ „ double low-9 quotation mark
† † dagger
‡ ‡ double dag
• • bullet = black small circle
… … horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader
‰ ‰ per mille sign
′ ′ prime = minutes = feet
″ ″ double prime = seconds = inches
‹ ‹ single left-pointing angle quotation mark
› › single right-pointing angle quotation mark
‾ ‾ overline = spacing overscore
⁄ ⁄ fraction slash

Controls

Entity Number Entity Name Symbol Description
" " quotation mark = APL quote
& & & ampersand
&#60; &lt; < less-than sign
&#62; &gt; > greater-than sign

Greek Letters

Example Named Entity Numeric Entity Description
ƒ &fnof; &#402; Latin small f with hook
Α &Alpha; &#913; Greek capital letter alpha
Β &Beta; &#914; Greek capital letter beta
Γ &Gamma; &#915; Greek capital letter gamma
Δ &Delta; &#916; Greek capital letter delta
Ε &Epsilon; &#917; Greek capital letter epsilon
Ζ &Zeta; &#918; Greek capital letter zeta
Η &Eta; &#919; Greek capital letter eta
Θ &Theta; &#920; Greek capital letter theta
Ι &Iota; &#921; Greek capital letter iota
Κ &Kappa; &#922; Greek capital letter kappa
Λ &Lambda; &#923; Greek capital letter lambda
Μ &Mu; &#924; Greek capital letter mu
Ν &Nu; &#925; Greek capital letter nu
Ξ &Xi; &#926; Greek capital letter xi
Ο &Omicron; &#927; Greek capital letter omicron
Π &Pi; &#928; Greek capital letter pi
Ρ &Rho; &#929; Greek capital letter rho
Σ &Sigma; &#931; Greek capital letter sigma
Τ &Tau; &#932; Greek capital letter tau
Υ &Upsilon; &#933; Greek capital letter upsilon
Φ &Phi; &#934; Greek capital letter phi
Χ &Chi; &#935; Greek capital letter chi
Ψ &Psi; &#936; Greek capital letter psi
Ω &Omega; &#937; Greek capital letter omega
α &alpha; &#945; Greek small letter alpha
β &beta; &#946; Greek small letter beta
γ &gamma; &#947; Greek small letter gamma
δ &delta; &#948; Greek small letter delta
ε &epsilon; &#949; Greek small letter epsilon
ζ &zeta; &#950; Greek small letter zeta
η &eta; &#951; Greek small letter eta
θ &theta; &#952; Greek small letter theta
ι &iota; &#953; Greek small letter iota
κ &kappa; &#954; Greek small letter kappa
λ &lambda; &#955; Greek small letter lambda
μ &mu; &#956; Greek small letter mu
ν &nu; &#957; Greek small letter nu
ξ &xi; &#958; Greek small letter xi
ο &omicron; &#959; Greek small letter omicron
π &pi; &#960; Greek small letter pi
ρ &rho; &#961; Greek small letter rho
ς &sigmaf; &#962; Greek small letter final sigma
σ &sigma; &#963; Greek small letter sigma
τ &tau; &#964; Greek small letter tau
υ &upsilon; &#965; Greek small letter upsilon
φ &phi; &#966; Greek small letter phi
χ &chi; &#967; Greek small letter chi
ψ &psi; &#968; Greek small letter psi
ω &omega; &#969; Greek small letter omega
ϑ &thetasym; &#977; Greek small letter theta symbol
ϒ &upsih; &#978; Greek upsilon with hook symbol